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Category: Dictionary

By , May 14, 2009 9:41 am

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

-The old Dictionary

I am in the process of moving the old dictionary to this website. The process is going to take some time, so I will not take the old dictionary offline untill all the information have been moved. To access the old dictionary, click here.


  • Phoenician: 𐤀
  • Lebanese: `
  • Arabic: أ
  • Definition: The “A” or the “Alep” as it was pronounced in Phoenician is the first letter of the Phoenician alphabet. The term 𐤀‏𐤋‏𐤐‏ means literally “Ox”. That is why the letter is shaped like the head of an Ox. In Punic, it was used as the article “The”. Many think that the “” is a vowel, but this is a misconception. The Phoenician Alep is actually equal to the Arabic “Hamza”. It is a glottal stop.


  • Phoenician: 𐤔‏𐤁‏𐤏
  • Lebanese: Cabax
  • Arabic: وَفْرَة
  • Definition:  𐤔‏𐤁‏𐤏 means abundance or fulfillment. This term is still preserved in Lebanese and Arabic alike.


  • Phoenician: 𐤌‏𐤇‏𐤔‏𐤁‏
  • Lebanese: Mḣesib
  • Arabic: محاسب
  • Definition: 𐤌‏𐤇‏𐤔‏𐤁‏ means accountant, and it is pronounced as “Mḣecib“.  The transformation that occurred from Phoenician to Lebanese and Arabic was only in the replacement of the C with an S.


  • Phoenician: 𐤏‏𐤑‏𐤌‏𐤕‏
  • Lebanese: Injez
  • Arabic: إنجاز
  • Definition: 𐤏‏𐤑‏𐤌‏𐤕‏ means achievement, and it is pronounces “Xiṡmat”. The proper name “عصمت” “Xiṡmat”  and “عصام” “Xiṡam” have their origins in this term.


  • Phoenician: 𐤀‏𐤃‏𐤌‏
  • Lebanese: Adam
  • Arabic: آدم
  • Definition: 𐤀‏𐤃‏𐤌‏ means a person or a man. It could also mean a “commoner” in contrast to a more royal term of kingship. It also means the “First Man”.


  • Phoenician: 𐤀‏𐤑‏𐤋‏
  • Lebanese: Janb, Blizi`
  • Arabic: مُتَاخِم , مُتَّصِل
  • Definition: 𐤀‏𐤑‏𐤋‏ means adjacent to or in close proximity to, or beside something. The Arabic word ” مُتَّصِل” means “connected to” and it is derived from the same root.


By , May 19, 2009 7:23 pm
  • Phoenician: 𐤆‏𐤋‏𐤐‏
  • Lebanese: Mzawza`, Mḣalla
  • Arabic: مُحَلًّى  , مُدَبَّج  , مُزَخْرَف   مُزَرْكَش
  • Definition: 𐤆‏𐤋‏𐤐‏ means adorn, or adorned. It is pronounced Zilop. This term is still alive in the Lebanese language in the form of a traditional song type called “Abo Zzilof”, which literally means the adorned one. The switch from the P to the F occurred during the introduction of the Syriac language in opposition to the Phoenician and Aramaic.


By , May 14, 2009 10:40 am
  • Phoenician: 𐤏‏𐤆‏𐤓‏
  • Lebanese: Eezar, Xeewan
  • Arabic: مُسَاعَدَة , مُعَاوَنَة
  • Definition: 𐤏‏𐤆‏𐤓‏ means to aid or help someone. The Proper name Xaazar in Lebanese is derived from this term. The name of Lazarus, or “Alixaazar” that man that was resurrected by Jesus is of the same origin, and it means ” 𐤀‏𐤋‏ 𐤏‏𐤆‏𐤓‏” in Phoenician, pronounced “Iil Xaazar”, and means God has helped.  The Lebanese and Arabic words share the same origing of this term.


  • Phoenician: 𐤊‏𐤋‏
  • Lebanese: Kill
  • Arabic: كل
  • Definition: 𐤊‏𐤋‏means “All”, and it also means “each” as well. It is pronounced “Kill”. This same meaning is carried through to both Arabic and Lebanese.


  • Phoenician: 𐤌‏𐤆‏𐤁‏𐤇‏
  • Lebanese: Mazbaḣ
  • Arabic: مذبح
  • Definition: 𐤌‏𐤆‏𐤁‏𐤇‏ means Altar. It is pronounced “Mazbaḣ “, “مزبح” same as Lebanese. Note that the Lebanese term still preserves the original Phoenician “Z” in the pronunciation, whereas it has been transformed to the  “ذ” in Arabic. In Lebanese, the term “Madbaḣ” is also used to denote an altar, or a slaughter house. The term “Mazbaḣ” though is used in contrast to the slaughter house to donate a sacrificial altar.


  • Phoenician: 𐤀‏𐤁‏
  • Lebanese: Jidd, Abb
  • Arabic: أَسْلاف , جَدّ , جَدٌّ أَعْلَى , سَلَف
  • Definition:  𐤀‏𐤁‏ means Ancestor, but its primary use would be as “father”. It is pronounced as “Abb”. The designation of “Ancestor” was mainly used in the Neo Punic tongue of the Phoenician.


  • Phoenician: 𐤅‏
  • Lebanese: W
  • Arabic: و
  • Definition: 𐤅‏ means “And”. It is pronounced “W”. It has been said to mean: “Or”, but I do not believe that this is the case. I believe that even though “And” and “or” might have been written the same as “𐤅” they are pronounced slightly different, probably as “Ow” for “Or”. This is just a theory though.


  • Phoenician: 𐤌‏𐤔‏𐤇
  • Lebanese: Masaḣ
  • Arabic: مسح
  • Definition: “𐤌‏𐤔‏𐤇‏” means to anoint. It is pronounced as “Macaḣ”, “مشح”, and the term Messiah, which means the anointed one, is derived from this word.


  • Phoenician: 𐤁‏𐤏‏𐤋‏ 𐤇‏𐤓‏𐤔‏
  • Lebanese: Mixmere
  • Arabic: مِعْمار , مِعْمارِيّ
  • Definition: 𐤁‏𐤏‏𐤋‏ 𐤇‏𐤓‏𐤔‏ is a composite term made out of  “𐤁‏𐤏‏𐤋‏” which means master, and “𐤇‏𐤓‏𐤔” which mean craftsman. It is in concordance with the Greek term “Architect” which is also a composite term made from “Archi” which means master, and of “Tekton” which means craftsman.  The term is pronounced Baxl Ḣeric, “بعل حارش”.


  • Phoenician: 𐤉‏𐤃‏
  • Lebanese: Iid
  • Arabic: يَد
  • Definition: 𐤉‏𐤃‏ means hand, and it is pronounced “Yadd”. The Arabic term preserves the Phoenician pronunciation.


  • Phoenician: 𐤌‏𐤇‏𐤍‏𐤕
  • Lebanese: Jind, Xaskar, Jayc
  • Arabic: جَيْش , عَسْكَر
  • Definition: 𐤌‏𐤇‏𐤍‏𐤕‏ means Army, and it is pronounced ” Mḣannat”. Note the close resemblance to the term “Mjannad”, which means an enlist in the army. Much transformation has occurred to the term since the Phoenician, but it is somewhat still preserved. In my opinion, this term might actually mean “enlisted”, and the reason for this terminology could be that the Phoenicians did not have a regular army, but rather most of their armies were “enlisted” mercenaries, such as the army of Hannibal of Carthage.


  • Phoenician: 𐤇‏𐤑‏
  • Lebanese: Ḣoṡṡ
  • Arabic: سِنَان
  • Definition: 𐤇‏𐤑‏ means arrowhead and it is pronounced “Ḣoṡṡ” “حص”  same as in Lebanese. “Ḣoṡṡ” in Lebanese means also a clove, as in a garlic clove, “Ḣoṡṡ tum”.


  • Phoenician: 𐤀‏𐤌‏𐤍‏
  • Lebanese: Ḣirafe
  • Arabic: حِرَفيّ, صَنَائِعِيّ
  • Definition: 𐤀‏𐤌‏𐤍‏ means Artisan or craftsman, and it is pronounced as “Immen”. The Phoenician term is still preserved in the Lebanese Language is a certain expression. The expression is “Eeḱdo Immen?”, which is used to address someone who is overdoing something in a process. For example, is someone is eating nuts one after the other in a fast fashion, another person could say, ” Cu beek? Eeḱidon Immen?”, to tell this person to slow down. The statement would literally mean: “What’s wrong with you? Is it your craft to eat like this?”.  In Lebanese “Cu beek? Cu Xeemila caġiltak teekol bi ha ṫṫarii`a?”


By , May 20, 2009 6:31 am
  • Phoenician: 𐤀‏𐤉‏𐤍‏𐤊‏
  • Lebanese: Arwaad
  • Arabic: أرواد
  • Definition:  𐤀‏𐤉‏𐤍‏𐤊‏ means the Island of  “Arwad”, located   It is pronounced “Aynook”. The term “Ay” in Phoenician means “Island”. The term “NK” though is uncertain to identify. Google Maps link


  • Phoenician: 𐤀‏𐤓‏𐤔‏ or 𐤔‏𐤀‏𐤋
  • Lebanese: Sa`al
  • Arabic: سَأَلَ , طَلَبَ
  • Definition: The Phoenician term 𐤔‏𐤀‏𐤋 means to ask or request. It is pronounced as “Ca`al”, with a typical “C” to “S” substitution in many terms that are transformed from Phoenician to Lebanese and Arabic . Another term in Phoenician is “𐤀‏𐤓‏𐤔 ” pronounced as “Arac”.


  • Phoenician: 𐤇‏𐤁‏𐤓‏
  • Lebanese: Criik, Zamiil
  • Arabic: آلِف  , إِلْف  , خِدْن
  • Definition: The term “𐤇‏𐤁‏𐤓”  means associate or colleague and it is pronounced “Ḣabr”. There is a term in Lebanese and Arabic that is still pronounced the same “حبر” and it means “Pontiff”, as in a church. The term “حبر” is probably a direct derivation of the Phoenician term, since it implies the meaning of “associate”.  Another curious correlation could be with the term “Ḣibr” in Lebanese and Arabic, meaning “Ink”.

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